The Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (E.P.E.A.) controls the sale, use, application, handling, storage, transport and disposal of pesticides in Alberta. E.P.E.A. contains the following regulations specific to pesticides:
- Pesticide (Ministerial) Regulation
- Pesticide Sales, Handling, use and Application Regulation
- Environmental Code of Practice for Pesticides
Under Alberta legislation, the federal classes of pesticides (identified on the Pesticide Product label) have been further subdivided into four categories or schedules based on a pesticide’s potential hazard to human health or the environment and its label use patterns. The four pesticide schedules established under the Pesticide (Ministerial) Regulation include:
Schedule 1:This schedule contains federally labeled Restricted and some Commercial pesticides. Most of these pesticides are fumigants and vertebrate toxicants. These pesticides can only be used by or directly supervised by a certified pesticide applicator.
Schedule 2:This schedule contains federally labeled Commercial (or Agricultural, Horticultural and Industrial) pesticides. These pesticides can only be used by certified applicators and their assistants.
Schedule 3:This schedule contains federally labeled Domestic pesticides for use by homeowners. These products may be purchased by anyone and used by householders around their own homes. Pesticide applicator certification is required when these pesticides are being used to provide a service for hire or reward. Certification is also required when they are used in and around:
- multi-family dwellings
- daycare facilities
- nursing homes
Schedule 4:This schedule contains federally labeled Domestic and Commercial pesticides that do not represent a significant risk to the environment. These products may be purchased and used by anyone.
This schedule includes:
- antimicrobial pesticides such as laundry additives, swimming pool chemicals, disinfectants and wood preservatives
- animal repellents
- insect growth regulators and insect repellents for use on domestic pets and people
- domestic insecticides that are ready-to-use and pressurized aerosols when they used in and around the home (hornet and wasp sprays, ant traps, fly baits and strips, mosquito coils)
- insecticides applied directly to livestock or their enclosures
- metered mist application equipment
- domestic plant growth regulators and pruning paints
- a number of rodenticides that are ready-to-use baits
Further information regarding the Pesticide Applicator Certification and Pesticide Service Registration requirements are available in the Usage webpage.
Under Alberta legislation, in order to sell pesticides in Alberta, a person must either hold a valid Agrichemical Warehousing Standards Association Warehouse (AWSA) Certification of Compliance or obtain a Pesticide Vendor Registration. There are two classes of registrations:
Wholesale – for persons who wholesale pesticides in Schedules 1, 2 and 3 to other Wholesale Pesticide Vendors or to Retail Pesticide Vendors, and
Retail – for persons who sell pesticides in Schedules 1 and 2 to an end-user.
To ensure that customers have access to correct information regarding pest control and pesticide use and that someone at each Retail Pesticide Vendor Registration (or AWSA certified) outlet has knowledge of pesticide sales regulations and safety requirements, every outlet selling pesticides described in Schedule 1, 2 or 3 must have at least one certified pesticide dispenser. Further information regarding the Pesticide Dispenser Certification and Pesticide Vendor Registration requirements are available in the Sales webpage.