Frequently Asked Questions

When should I water new sod?

As a rule of thumb everyday the first week, every second day the second week and every third day the third week. Light rain is not enough to support sod.

It is better to water early in the morning or in the evening. If finished sodding mid-day don’t wait until evening to water. Roll then water the sod as soon as it is finished being layed.

Water lightly and for a long time (deep watering) so the water soaks in and doesn’t run off.

Do I need to roll my sod?

Once the sod has been installed, it has to be uniform and level. To solve any undulations and poor joints, rolling must be performed. This will also place the sod in firm contact with the topsoil and starter fertilizer, facilitating quick rooting. Water the sod after rolling.

At Classic Landscapes we rent rollers by the day, at a great price!

When should I plant my Spring Flowering Bulbs?

tulips

It is a good idea to start planting spring flowering Bulbs when they become available in stores, usually around mid September. You can plant Bulbs late into the fall. A good rule is ‘it’s never too late’ as long as the soil can be worked you can plant Bulbs.

Why are the leaves on the tree I just planted wilted and brown?

This is most likely from inadequate watering, especially on newly planted trees. Make sure that when you water, it is a deep watering. If it’s a shallow watering (just the surface) roots will be getting water and not the deeper roots. Also,during hot weather plants need water more often.

How Do I Prepare Shrubs For Winter?

Plants always do better if they have a heavy watering in late October. Watering-in helps roots from being damaged by cold weather or dry soil.

Cleaning up leaves will help to prevent disease and insects the following year. Do not put infected material into your compost. Throw the infected material away with the garbage.wrap shrub

Additional care is required for some Evergreens. Reduce winter damage on Evergreens by creating a screen. For a screen burlap and a few stakes are often used. Remember to pound the stakes into the ground around the Evergreen before the ground freezes. Once the ground freezes, staple the burlap around the stakes making a suitable screen.

 

What are the best techniques for laying sod?

Here are a couple of reminders when laying sod:sod 2

  • The top grade should be without bumps and holes.
  • The joints of the sod should always be staggered.
  • The sod pieces should be placed close together, but not overlapping.
  • If possible start the sodding at a solid straight edge (house, sidewalk), this facilitates straight lines throughout the project.
  • Use a sharp sod knife to cut the sod as needed.
  • Keep the sod moist at all times.

At Classic Landscape Supplies we sell everything you need for sod installation, including a daily fresh supply of sod, rooting fertilizer, sod knives, and lawn roller rentals!

What is Fireblight?

Fireblight is a disease that attacks more than 75 different species all within the Rosaceae family. Because this is a very infectious disease it is important that control measures be taken as soon as possible.

Fireblight usually appears in the spring when the tree is in bloom. Infected blossoms wilt suddenly and turn to dark brown. Leaves on infected branches become brown and shrivelled. New growth becomes blackened and is often curled at the tip, like a shepherd’s crook. Smooth bark blacken and usually cracks. Infection can spread to older branches and truck where cankers can develop. Young infected fruit may look oily and exude a clear, milky or amber-coloured ooze. The fruit shrivel, turn dark brown and remain attached to the tree.

Chemical control will not work for fireblight. As soon as the infection appears diseased limbs should be pruned 10-18in below any sign of infection. Trees that are severely infected should be removed. Disinfect tools between each cut or the disease may spread by pruning.

What is a Mountain Pine Beetle?

The mountain pine beetle is a small, black beetle about the size of a grain of rice.

Mountain pine beetle attack and kill all species of pine, usually mature ones aged 80 to 120 years. They do not attack aspen, spruce or fir trees.

Beetles fly in July and August in search of new trees. Once a suitable tree is found the beetle will lay eggs. The new generation of beetles will not emerge from the tree for at least a year.

Creamy globs that look like crystallized honey and sawdust at the base of the tree and in bark crevices are signs your tree has been attacked. Control of the mountain pine beetle is usually done through cutting and burning of the individual infested trees.

What are Aphids?

Aphids, commonly known as plant lice attack nearly all species of plants. Aphid damage is usually most noticeable on shade trees and ornamental plantings. They are described as small, soft-bodies , pear-shaped insects that are frequently found in large numbers. Their bodies may be translucent, but are usually various shades of green, brown, yellow, or white, sometimes blending in with the plant on which they are feeding.

Symptoms and Damage

Damage often appears first as spotty yellow discolorations, usually on the undersides of leaves; the leaves may later dry out and wilt. Some aphid species form galls or cause distorted, curled, or deformed leaves. Aphids attached to other plant parts such as stems or twigs may cause stunted growth, early leaf fall, or twig mortality, but aphid damage very rarely kills the plant. Plants should be inspected frequently during the growing season.

Prevention and Control

Aphids have many natural enemies but while these agents may be effective at times in reducing aphid populations, their action may be too slow to prevent aphid feeding damage, and other direct controls may be necessary. Heavy infestations on foliage or other plant parts may be removed by the frequent application of strong jets of water. Infested leaves, twigs, and stems may be pruned off and destroyed. For plants growing indoors in greenhouses and atriums, biological pest control methods that use live aphid-specific predators may be deployed. Aphids may also be controlled by a variety of registered chemical insecticides(including insecticidal soaps). The application of these insecticides, however, should be undertaken with caution because some may be toxic to the plants requiring treatment.

For the most recent information on chemicals available for control of these pests, call Agriculture Canada’s Pesticides Directorate in Ottawa ( toll-free)at 1-800-267-6315

source; Kusch, D.S.;Cerzxke, H.F. 1991. Aphids. For, Can., Northwest Reg., North. For, Cent., Edmonton, Alberta. For, Leafl.11.

What is the Lot Grading approval procedure?

Lot Grading Plans

Lot grading plans have been a part of the approval process for residential properties since 1989. The plans are required for all new developments and are approved by the Drainage Services branch, of Asset Management and Public Works Department on behalf of City Council. Lot Grading Plans include elevations, surface grades, lot type and other information required for grading.

Lot Grading Approval Procedure

The city of Edmonton requires lots in new subdivisions to conform to the approved Surface Drainage Plans (Lot Grading Plans). The Lot Grading Details provided within the guidelines give examples of different Lot Types and drainage patterns. The Approval Procedure is usually done in 2 stages. The Rough Grade Stage (clay) is generally the responsibility of the home builder and the Final Grade Stage (topsoil) is generally the responsibility of the homeowner.

Lot Grading Guidelines

How do I Plant Plants/Trees Properly?

Plants & Shrubs (Scroll down for trees)

  1. Start with a hole that is at least twice the size of the pot or ball of soil.
  2. Take the plant out of the pot and measure it in the hole, dig or add soil to the right height. You don’t want to plant it any deeper than it has already been planted in the pot.how to plant plants
  3. Add Organic Matter and bone meal to the hole. Organic Matter helps to retain moisture and nutrients. Bone meal will help with development of roots.
  4. Before planting, be sure to cut tangled or girdling roots.
  5. Set the plant in the hole and fill the hole a few inches of soil at a time, lightly packing after each layer.
  6. Add Mulch if wanted.
  7. Water plants regularly for the first season after planting.

Trees planted May 1-30 will survive best, but planting from September 1-October 15 can also be successful. Here are some helpful steps to follow when planting a tree:tree-planting

  1. Dig the tree well 6-8″ (15-20cm) wider and deeper than the root ball size.
  2. Place the tree at a depth so that the top of the root ball is even with the ground, and firm the soil around the roots to the top of the tree well. making sure the tree is straight.
  3. Stake the tree and water thoroughly using 15 gallons (68 litres) of water per 1″ (2.5cm) of trunk diameter, measured 12″ (30cm) from the ground.

How do I choose a good tree?

There are 3 things to keep in mind when selecting a tree: Roots, Injuries, and Form (RIF). A high-quality tree will have:

  • enough sound roots to support healthy growth.
  • a trunk free of mechanical wounds.
  • no wounds from incorrect pruning.
  • a strong form with well-spaced, firmly attached branches.

A low-quality tree will have one or more of these problems present, and the tree’s chances for a long, attractive, healthy and productive life are greatly reduced.

How far apart should I plant my trees?

When deciding how far apart your trees should be planted, the adult size of the tree needs to be considered. You also need to decide how much intergrowth of the trees you desire. Here are some examples of planting distances for popular trees in this area:

  • Silver Maple 10-15 Meters
  • American Elm: 10-15 Meters
  • Linden: 6-11 Meters
  • Birch: 6-11 Meters
  • Mountain Ash: 6-11 Meters
  • Flowering Crab Apple: 6-11 Meters
  • Scot’s Pine: 4-11 Meters
  • Colorado Spruce: 4-11 Meters
  • Poplar (Columnar, Swedish Aspen): 4-9 Meters

There are other factors that must be considered when deciding how far apart you can plant your trees. These are set distances from certain objects that are set by the city, and must be adhered to when placing a tree:

  • Distance from corner: 7.5 Meters
  • Distance from light poles: 3.5 Meters
  • Distance from fire hydrants: 3.5 Meters
  • Distance from stop/yield signs: 3.5 Meters
  • Distance from bus stops: 3.5 Meters
  • Distance from other signs: 2 Meters
  • Distance from driveway/sidewalk: 2 Meters
  • Distance from utilities-underground: 1 Meter

How much Mulch will I need for my shrub bed?

Wood/Bark Mulch is great around trees and shrubs, perennials and small fruits. They are not recommended in vegetable or annual flower beds where the soil is routinely cultivated to prepare a seed bed.mulch in garden bed

There is a wide variety of wood and bark chips available for mulching. Wood chips have the advantage that they decompose faster enriching the soil. Bark chips decompose slower, requiring less frequent replenishment. Primary selection is based on desired appearance and cost.

Wood/bark chip mulch is great for trees and shrubs protecting trees from lawnmower damage. However do not make “mulch volcanoes” around tree trunks by applying chips up against a tree trunk. Wet chips up against the trunk can cause bark decaying problems and interfere with the natural trunk taper. Keep the mulch back at least 6″ from the tree trunk.

HOW MUCH MULCH

For most applications in residential landscaping, 75mm (3″) is sufficient for Mulching beds. To ascertain how much mulch product your project will require, you will need to take some measurements. The first task is to find out the area of your shrub bed (in square feet). To do this multiply the length by the width of the bed. Then take that area measurement and divide by 100. This will give you the amount of mulch in cubic yards that will cover your shrub bed with a 75mm (3″) depth.

Come visit us at Classic Landscapes and see our wide selection of rock Mulches, as well as wood Mulches!

 

What Is a Certified Arborist?

Certified Arborists are individuals who have achieved a level of knowledge in the art and science of tree care through experience and by passing a comprehensive examination developed by some of the nation’s leading experts on tree care. Certified Arborists must also continue their education to maintain their certification and adhere to a Code of Ethics.

To read more about the history of ISA, check out the website www.isa-arbor.com

Classic Landscapes and the International Society of Arboriculture (Arborists)

Classic Landscapes is committed to forever learning and professional development, especially as it pertains to maintaining a presence as valued members of the community. We are proud to have full time ISA Certified Arborists on staff to serve, train, and perform in a manner that reflects our dedication to landscape construction and the environment.

Through research, technology, and education, the International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) promotes the professional practice of arboriculture and fosters a greater worldwide awareness of the benefits of trees.

The ISA continues to be a dynamic medium through which arborists around the world share their experience and knowledge for the benefit of society. ISA is aligned on many fronts with other green organizations and is working hard to foster a better understanding of trees and tree care through research and the education of professionals as well as global efforts to inform tree care consumers.

 

 

Do You Rent Tools?

Yes, we offer the following rental equipment to help with your landscaping projects.

Wheelbarrows, Sod Rollers, Landscaping Rakes

Rental is by the day at a low rate with a $100 deposit which is refundable with your receipt.

 

What are some shrubs that offer good fall colour?

There are a number of great shrubs that offer good fall colour. When choosing shrubs one should also decide on the height, spread and sun requirement for the Plant.

Shrubs

burning bushBurning Bush turns a bright red in fall and some have interesting fruit capsules that will only add to the fall interest. (Turkestan Burning Bush).

 

 

 

Cotoneaster shrubs are known for their scarlet foliage in fall, often used in hedges.

 

Cranberry shrubs can give a wide range of fall colour, varying from yellow to red to reddish-purple. (American Highbush Cranberry).

 

Currents and blackberries stand out in the fall when the leaves turn reddish bronze in fall (Golden Current).

 

Dogwoods have a wide variety of leaf colours that offer great colour all year round. Some offer excellent red fall colour (Red Osier Dogwood) while some have variegated foliage (Golden Variegated Dogwood) all year round.

 

nanking cherryNanking Cherry has orange-red foliage in fall.

 

 

 

 

Nannyberry is attractive through summer turning purplish red in fall.

 

Serviceberry is one of the best shrubs for fall colour, with leaves turning bronze-red.

 

Spirea bushes add more to the landscape, changing to red and purple colours in the fall.

Sumac adds unique foliage texture as well as bright red-burgundy leaves in fall.

 

wayfaring treeWayfaring Tree (more like a shrub) foliage turns bright red-purple in fall .

 

 

 

 

Trees

 

Ash trees have dense leaflets that turn gold in fall. Ash trees turn colour about two weeks before most other trees.

 

 

aspenAspen are a good source of yellow fall foliage.

 

 

 

 

birchBirch trees, with beautiful white bark and rich yellow fall colour, are a good addition to the landscape.

 

 

 

 

 

elmElm(American Elm) dark green leaves turn yellow in fall.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hawthorn will display great yellow to reddish-gold with a long warm fall. Other years it remains green until the leaves fall.

 

maple leavesMaples offer brilliant yellow to red fall colour.

 

 

Ohio Buckeye have large fan-shaped foliage turning orange in fall. Adding interest is the prickly nut like fruit.

Pin Cherry have a brilliant orange colour in fall.

Larch have bright green deciduous needles through summer turning yellow-orange in fall.

When should I mow new sod?

You can mow new sod as soon as the roots start to grow or when it is anchored to the ground, so that it won’t lift up. Do not remove more than 1/3 of the blade of grass at one cutting. It is better to mow more frequently to get to the desired height, than to remove too much at one time.

It is also important to keep new sod a bit longer in length until the roots become more established. This will allow the grass to focus on root development, rather than recovering from a cutting. Keeping the grass longer will also help to keep the sod from drying out as fast.

A good grass height is 3 inches. This length helps to reduce evaporation and is a healthy height for residential lawns.

 

When should I fertilize my new sod?

A starter fertilizer can be applied directly to the soil before laying the sod. This fertilizer is high in Phosphorus (the middle number in the ratio 21-27-5) and will help in establishing the root systems. A great product for a starter fertilizer is Keg River Starter Fertilizer. A 6.5kg package of Keg River Starter Fertilizer will cover 433 square meters (4650 square feet). Be sure to use a broadcaster fertilizer spreader and to apply the fertilizer evenly, as opposed to a ‘drop’ spreader type which can result in uneven distribution. (Follow the directions on the package).

After about four to six weeks, you can start a regular fertilizing program with a product that has a higher Nitrogen ratio (the first number in the ratio), such as Keg River Ultra Lawn Food (29-4-6). This type of fertilizer will help your lawn in a number of ways:

  •  promote a lush green lawn,
  •  it is formulated to prevent surge growth and burning of grass
  •  it is enhanced with micro-nutrients to provide a healthier lawn
  • -it also provides growth from the roots up.

This 8kg package will cover 465 square meters (5000 square feet). Continue this program until mid August.

In September an application can be done of high potassium fertilizer (12-8-16) to help prepare your lawn for the winter months.

Come and visit us at the Garden Centre for fertilizer selection!

 

Why does my new lawn have mushrooms in it?

Mushrooms are caused by the right combination of water, temperature, and humidity. They need constant moisture and often appear due to the frequent watering needed by new sod. As you reduce your watering once the sod is established, the mushrooms will go away. They will not damage your lawn. Just mow them off and reduce your irrigation so that your lawn can dry off between waterings.

 

What are the City of Edmonton regulations regarding firepits?

City of Edmonton link:

http://www.edmonton.ca/bylaws_licences/bylaws/fire-pits.aspx

Content taken from above link:

Backyard fire pits and fireplaces are a great way to enjoy the outdoors, but they can be dangerous and the smoke and noise can disturb your neighbours.
Fire pits are regulated under the Community Standards Bylaw. Here are a few things you need to do to make sure your fire is safe and legal.

Building a Proper Fire Pit

Within Edmonton city limits, fire pits must:

This is what a fire pit in Edmonton should look like.

  • Be at least 3 meters (10 feet) from buildings, property lines and anything else that could catch fire
  • Be less than 0.6 meters (2 feet) high
  • Be less than 1 meter (3 feet) wide
  • Have enclosed sides made from bricks, concrete or heavy-gauge metal
  • Have a mesh screen on top to stop sparks (spark-arrestor) with openings smaller than 1.25 cm (1/2 inch)

Burning the Proper Fuels

The only things that can be burned in an outdoor fire pit or fireplace are:

  • Clean (non-treated), dry wood
  • Charcoal
  • Natural gas

Burning yard waste, garbage, paper, or anything else creates too much — and possibly even toxic — smoke.

Limiting Noise and Smoke

While you may enjoy the smell of wood smoke, not everyone does. Some medical conditions are aggravated by smoke. Make sure that your fire is small and burning clean, dry fuels to limit the amount of smoke drifting on to your neighbours’ property.

It is also important to limit the noise from around the fire pit, especially late at night.

Checking for Fire Bans

Before starting a fire, check to make sure there are no fire bans in your area. The provincial department of Sustainable Resource Development provides information about every Alberta Fire Ban.

Reporting Your Concerns

If you have a concern about a fire pit:

  • Discuss the concern directly with your neighbour
  • Record the address of the violation and a description of the problem if you can’t resolve it directly with your neighbour
  • Call 311
  • Provide your name, address, phone number, and the details of your concern in case your testimony is required in court

Responding to Your Complaint

After you call 311, the City takes these steps to help with your issue:

  1. A file is created specifying your concerns
  2. A Municipal Enforcement Officer (MEO) opens an investigation
  3. The officer investigates your complaint within 4 business days
  4. The MEO may issue a warning notice with directions to remedy the problem within a specified time frame or issue a bylaw ticket with a $250 fine depending on the circumstances
  5. The officer may issue an order, which allows the City to fix the problem and bill the property owner for the cost
  6. The city may contact you to appear as a witness, if the matter goes to court

If you believe a burning fire is dangerous, call 911 and Fire Rescue Services will respond immediately.

Protecting your Privacy

The information you provide will be used to process your complaint, but your name and address will not be made available to anyone else. For more information on how the City protects your privacy visit Freedom of Information and Privacy.

For more information:

General Emergency Services Contacts

Telephone 780-496-3800
TTY 780-944-5555, code: erdinfo
Fax 780-496-1518
Email efrsinfo@edmonton.ca

Current Planning Service Centre

Sustainable Development
5th floor, 10250 – 101 Street
Edmonton, AB  T5J 3P4

Hours of Operation:

Monday to Friday
8am to 4:30pm

Telephone In Edmonton: 311Outside Edmonton: 780-442-5311
Fax 780-496-6054

How many rolls of Sod will I need for my yard?

The first thing to do is measure the length and width of the area you wish to cover with sod (in square feet). You may find it necessary to separate your yard into smaller, simple geometric shapes to assist in your

how to measure for sod

measurements. After calculating the total area in square feet, divide by 10. This will give you the number of rolls of sod you will need. If you prefer to calculate in square metres, one square metre is equivalent to 10.76 square feet. Add 10% of the total for cutting around beds and mistakes.

We receive fresh sod each day. It is sold on a first come, first served basis. You may purchase any amount of sod by the roll, and we are available to load your vehicle. There are 70 rolls of sod per pallet and you can take the pallets with a refundable deposit. Refund will be granted with return of pallet and your receipt.

Sod can also be delivered right to your house. With an order over 1400 square feet, the delivery is free within Edmonton, Sherwood Park, and Beaumont. For outlying areas additional delivery charges may apply. Call ahead to get your sod delivered.

Here at Classic Landscapes we supply the highest quality sod, available by the roll: 2ft by 5ft (10 square feet).